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[高级口语] 英语课教案:Describing People 描述某人

When you want to know what someone looks you, you are going to ask for a description. Descriptions can be very simple (he's ugly) or very descriptive and detailed. (She's 5 feet 4 inches tall, with straight flaming red shoulder length hair, sparkling dark green eyes, a dazzling pearly white smile, with a cute dimple on her left cheek, and lightly tanned facial skin as smooth as a baby's behind, with the body like Marilynn Monroe).


When asking for descriptions there are a number of expressions that can be used. Look at the examples.   

English Expressions  

ExpressionResponse
What does ( ... she) look like?She looks like a model.
What color is ( ... her) hair?It’s black?
What kind of hair style does ( ... he) have?He has short curly hair.
What color are (his) eyes?They’re blue.
How tall is (she)?She is five feet, four inches tall.
How much do ( ... you) weight? I weight 75 kilos.  It's none of your business.
Does (... he) have any
distinguishing
characteristics
?   
He has a scar on his left cheek.
How old is ( ...your mother)?                  She’s 45 years old.
Does (... the professor) wear glasses?  No, but he wears contacts.
What is (... she) wearing?    She is wearing a red T-shirt, tight blue  jeans, and sandals.


Below are adjectives that can be used when describing people’s physical characteristics.



Hair:
long, short, straight, curly, permed, ponytail, bangs, crew cut, shoulder length, bald, receding hairline, salt and pepper, blond, gray, bald, wavy  

   
Body build:
skinny, thin, slender, average weight, muscular, fat, chubby,
plump, over weight, obese, beer belly, average build, stocky, medium height, tall, short  


Facial features: mustache, beard, side burns, pimples, dimples, round eyes, square chin, big nose, wears glasses, round face, mole   

When giving descriptions, it is also sometimes useful to talk about what the person is wearing. There are many words that can be used to describe and identify apparel. Looks at these examples.

本帖最后由 roselove 于 2012-5-23 11:17 编辑

Types of Clothing

Tops

Under Garments

Women's Wear

Outer Wear

casual shirt

underwear (men)

skirt

jacket

dress shirt

briefs (men)

dress

coat

tee-shirt

panties (women)

pant suit

wind breaker

sweat shirt

bra (women)

blouse

sweater

top

stocking (women)

v-necks

nylons (women)

turtle necks

socks (women)

pull-over

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Descriptions of people are not limited to physical descriptions but also to their character and personality. There are a number of expressions that can be used when asking about some ones personality or character.

English Expressions

Expression

Response

What’s (... your room mate) like?

She’s very friendly, but shy.

What kind of ( ... boss) do you
have?

He’s very intelligent, but very demanding
and


somewhat of a perfectionists.

What kind of personality do
( ... you look for


in a spouse)?

Someone who is assertive, but not
aggressive;


outgoing, but not
dominating; confident, but not


insecure.

How’s (... your co-worker),
personality wise?

She’s fairly helpful and considerate, but
extremely


opinionated.

There are also countless words that can be used to describe a persons personality and character. Look at some of them below.

shy  

outgoing  

demanding   

easy going     

confident

insecure   

pushy   

laid back

domineering  

meek

intelligent

stupid

attentive   

neglectful

concerned

carefree

passionate  

indifferent

hot blooded  

mellow

strict   

lenient

tolerant

intolerant


Very often, when describing someone, compliments may be paid.  Every one likes to hear compliments. Compliments make people feel good about themselves, and we all need that at times. Compliments can be made about how a person looks, about their dress, about a skill or ability, or about a behavior. There are a number of expression that can be used to compliment someone. Look at the examples below.

Expression

Response

What a beautiful
(... new dress).

Thanks, ( ... I'm glad you like it).

You look absolutely
( ... gorgeous).

How kind of you to say so.

Your daughter can (... certainly play
the violin


with
best of them).

Thank you, ( ... I'm glad you appreciate
her talent).

Nice (...  tie). Is it new?  

Yes, (... it was a birthday present from
my wife.


She has great taste).

Your (... presentation was superb.The
entire


audience was spell bound).

Thanks, I appreciate that, (... but I was
so nervous).

English Dialogue

Students should work together in pairs and read the following dialogue, one student reading one part, the other student reading the other. Note the expressions used in the dialogue and the progression of the conversation. The dialogue can be used as a model to have similar conversations.

Matt: What does your girl friend look like?

John: She’s very beautiful, with dark brown eyes and flaming red hair.

Matt: How long is her hair?

John: Her hair is very long, it goes down to the middle of her back.

Matt: How tall is she?

John: She’s my height: five feet, four inches.

Matt: And is she slim, plump, average weight, obese?

John: She’s slim, like a model. And she has a great
figure.

Matt: And she’s in her early twenty’s, right?

John: Yes, she’s the same age as me.

Matt: What kind of clothes does she usually wear?

John: She almost always wears blue jeans and T-shirts to school. Usually the T-shirts are blue, that’s her
favorite color.

Matt: Does she wear glasses?

John: Yes, sometimes she wears small gold rimmed glasses, but usually she wears contacts. Why all
the questions about my girl friend?

Matt: Just curious. Besides, I think that’s her over there across the street.

John: Where? I don’t see her.

Matt: Under that big tree. Isn’t she the one kissing the sailor?

John: What! Gloria!

After reading, close
your book and tell your partner a summary of the dialogue. Then
switch and have your partner tell his or her summary. Start like
this: This dialogue is a person describing his girlfriend. She has... This may seem silly, since you both already know what the dialogue is about, but the purpose is to practice using your English, not to give information or test your reading skills.

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本帖最后由 roselove 于 2012-5-23 11:23 编辑

Conversation Activities

1. Pair Work- discussion

    Describe people (family, friends, classmates, teachers, well know personalities in your country) you know to you partner.
Include in your description the persons:

  • height and weight                          

  • eye and hair color      

  • hair style                              

  • approximate age

  • any distinguishing features

  • type of clothes they normally wear

2. Pair Work- discussion

     Give compliments to your partner about the following. Your partner should respond appropriately, but with humility.

  • A new dress or shirt               

  • Their violin performance at a concert

  • A new hair cut                        

  • A nose job

  • An oral presentation in front of the class

3. Pair Work-discussion    



One partner selects a prominent personality in your country or the world, without naming
him or her to his partner. The person
may be a TV or movie star, sports
figure, politician, corporate head, renowned
academician, etc. Describe the person
until your partner can guess who is being described. You may
tell what kind of job the person has, the style of clothes they
usually wear (if known), and what they are
well know for.  


Example statements include: This person is very tall, but kind of thin. This person has long black

hair and  ......  This person is an entertainer and is well known for his role in the movie....

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